The Demographic Transition Model:

The DTM is probably the most important aspect of this unit. It is used to illustrate the links between a country’s development and its demographics (population). In order to understand it you must know the various factors that affect Birth Rate and Death Rate.

1) Define Birth rate, Death rate and Fertility rate.

2) Read through the powerpoint below to remind yourself of the factors affecting Birth and Death rates.

3) Watch and make notes on this video about giving birth in South Sudan.

South Sudan: ‘One of the most dangerous places to give birth’

South Sudan is one of the most dangerous nations on earth to give birth, according to a report from the charity Save the Children.

Around the world every year, one million babies die within the first 24 hours of life, and in South Sudan around 5,000 babies die within hours of birth – one of the worst rates in the world.

Understanding the Demograhic Transition Model

4) Complete the worksheet below on the Demographic Transition Model.


The link between Crude Birth Rate and Development can be clearly seen in the graph below. Click on it to watch the animation.

BR against HDI Gap Graph.PNG

Factors Affecting Birth Rate:

Mean Years in School v BR Gap Graph.PNG

Here is a good summary from Cool Geography of the factors affecting Birth Rate with a drag and drop exercise at the end of it.

5) Describe the link between birth rate and death rate using the Gapminder tool.

6) Describe and exaplain the link between infant mortality rate and birth rate.

7) Educating girls is considered to be one of the most effective ways to reduce Fertility rates. Why is this?